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Honeypots are unique because they allow a security researcher to see and record what actions a malicious user takes on a compromised computer without necessarily interfering or revealing to the attacker that they are being monitored. Because of this invisibility, valuable intelligence can be gathered about the actual strategies of an attacker. A honeypot can be configured to be either proactive or reactive to attacks, depending on the needs of the person who set it up.

What are the real advantages of a honeypot?

There are several benefits that a company can basically get out of configuring a honeypot inside their system. While there are many solutions to security problems that are available in the software market, honeypots still have unique benefits and really useful purposes. The benefits could be summarized in the following points:

Ø Any attacks could be easily captured using honeypots. Also, information about the attack type could be recognized such that weakness points become well known to the security administrators. This could be discovered using the logs which are created by a honeypot. In addition to that, if the laws do not interfere with it, additional information about the source of the attack and the attacker could be identified by using the honeypot technology.

Ø Administrators become practically familiar with new threats and modern methods of attacks. They take notice of the new attacks and further gain knowledge of how to defend a system against these attacks. Many solutions become practically possible even before the attack infects a machine in the organization. By looking at the behavior of malicious activity in the system, and through examining them well, many more attacks become understandable by the time they get their effect on the network in the very first place.

Ø When a honeypot captures traffic, it does not capture the entire traffic such that it becomes bulky and tedious to analyze and investigate through its captured traffic. On the other hand, it merely takes care of the incoming malicious traffic and notifies the network administrator of it. This is much easier for the investigation process when analyzing any malicious traffic is a must. This aspect, in fact, makes honeypots extremely useful in practice.

Ø From the above-mentioned point where we discussed that only malicious traffic gets captured by a honeypot, there is no need for a huge amount of storage at all. In practice, any dedicated computer could become the honeypot system without an urgent need to buy many more resources and allocate budget to deploy the honeypot technology within an organization.

Ø The configuration of honeypots is very easy and installing it does not have any complications. This is basically complemented with a simple algorithm that does not have any complexity. Moreover, for the installation purposes on a system, there is no need to get some other software programs updated, installed, or modified by the time a honeypot gets installed.

Ø We should know by now that any malicious activity is recognizable by a honeypot. However, in addition to that, new tools for detecting attacks are also captured by honeypots. Deploying a honeypot in a system gives the administrator a solid idea of how there arevarious points of view that they could look at the same problem to find several security solutions for the same problem according to each perspective.

Are there any disadvantages of a honeypot?

Everything in life has advantages and disadvantages, and we have to find the balance between them both before deciding if it is worth for or not. In fact, there are some points that could be simply considered as pitfalls for using honeypots in general. The following points give us an intuition of how many problems we can use after using honeypots.

Ø Information is only captured when an attack is performed. On the other hand, if there is no attack occurring on the system, then there will be no captured data at all.

Ø The captured malicious traffic is only collected when the attack is targeted at the honeypot machine. Nonetheless, if the target of the attack was another machine rather than the honeypot machine, then we are in really big trouble. Such systems will get infected by the malicious code without having the honeypot notifying us about such activity in the first place.

Ø Honeypots are sometimes distinguishable from other real systems that we have in our system. Of course, this is a big problem that could be tackled such that even experienced hackers cannot distinguish between honeypot systems and real systems using fingerprinting.

Ø A very unwanted result is that a not careful organization could end up having lies really in the fact that an attacker may depend on a honeypot and exploit it as a zombie to attack other systems within the network and get them compromised, causing really big trouble for the entire organization.

What is the system configuration for using a honeypot?

First of all, let’s agree with the idea that a honeypot has the capability to either work on its own or work in a group with some other honeypots in the system. In the case that there are several honeypots, we basically refer to this group of honeypots as a honeyfarm. It may be suggested to configure a honeypot alone without having to configure other many honeypots because this will make things much easier in the configuration and installation process.

Nevertheless, it turned out that having only one honeypot is not that effective nor powerful when compared to having a honeyfarm although it may be hard to configure this honeyfarm of honeypots. Furthermore, having only one honeypot is prone to have some unintended failures, many more than the number of such failures when having a honeyfarm. The reason for that lies in the fact that there is no ability for one honeypot on its own to load balance and also, they lack the redundancy of a group of cooperating servers.


This post was written by hsamanoudy

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Prerequisite: Before you start, we recommend you use an existing OAuth 2.0 library, or one of our official libraries .


So you want to authenticate your app to access a user’s Vimeo content via the Vimeo API. Cool. The Vimeo API uses OAuth 2.0 to authenticate applications, so all you need to do is:

Note: If you want to embed your own videos on your own website (and only use Vimeo for transcoding and hosting services), you do not need to use the API to authenticate your application. All you need to do is generate a new token from your New Balance Unisex Adults Trainer 410 Multicolor Blue 400 owh5q5O
and include it in your application. This is a special case in which you are both the end-user and the application owner. And because you’re special, you can skip the rest of this document.

Authentication Workflow

Vimeo API applications need to provide authentication information using one of the following two OAuth 2.0 workflows:

Generate unauthenticated tokens

To get an unauthenticated access token, you should make an HTTP POST request to , along with an authorization header and some parameters.

You can build the authorization header with your client ID and client secret:

Note: Vimeo will automatically delete tokens that have not been used for an extended period of time. If your API calls are months apart you might need to create a new token.

Generate authenticated tokens

Send your user to Vimeo

The first step of the redirect process is to send the user's client (browser) to This is generally accomplished by providing the authorize URL as a link on a web page.

The user will have the option to accept or deny your app’s request to access their account, and to deny any of the scopes you requested (except for public).

Note: When the user clicks the link, they must first log in to Vimeo to authenticate their identity unless they are already logged in.

Implicit Grant Workflow

Once the user has accepted your app in the implicit grant workflow they will be immediately redirected to your with three values in the URL fragment (after the #)


If your is , your final redirect may look something like this:

Note: Parameters added to your redirect url will be respected, but the fragment will be stripped out. will become

Once you have the token from the Implicit grant you are ready to go. Refer to Making Requests for how to use the token to make API requests. If you are using the Authorization Grant, please refer to the docs on the CXQBoots qinamp;X Womens Round Toe Block Heel Heels Long Boots Shoes Black ImoB6h

Authorization Grant Workflow

If the user accepts your app, they are redirected to your redirect_uri along with two query parameters:

Exchange the code for an access token

When the user returns to your site, you must exchange the code for your access token. Make an HTTP POST request to with your authorization header, and the following parameters.

The authorization header can be built with your client id and client secret:

Receiving the Access Token in the Authentication Response

If the authorization is valid, the API will send a final authentication response containing the access token along with some additional fields. Now the application is authorized! It may use the token to access the user's account via the Vimeo API, limited to the actions allowed by the token New Mens Formal Italian Style Slip On Wedding Shoes Smart Office UK Sizes 611 Black Suedette S4O3gB3Ws
, until the token expires or is revoked.

Note: Vimeo will automatically delete tokens that have not been used for an extended period of time. If your API calls are months apart you might need to create a new token.

Best Practices

Making Requests

After you have either an authenticated or unauthenticated access token (as explained in the preceding sections), send the access token through the authorization header:

If your access token only has the public scope you can use the query string parameter instead of the authorization header

Supported Scopes

Choose your authentication workflow:
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July 17, 2017 / 2 Comments

Finnish educator and author Pasi Sahlberg predicts a backlash against global standardization and says teachers need different training and skills to succeed.

Caroline Smrstik Gentner:

Pasi Sahlberg: While economic success is important, it’s a very narrow view. Everyone needs to find their place in life. More than half of the OECD countries have adjusted their educational priorities in order to score better on the PISA tests. OECD strategies are more about skills than knowledge. That’s not inclusive enough. My concern is that art, music, and social studies now have less of a role in education.


PS: Education is no longer a national issue. Ideas and people are moving. There are similar expectations of an educated person across the world, and this has led to the dominant role of international assessments.

The thinking behind the OECD’s PISA assessments is that education in general should prepare young people for the same type of world and to be active in a global labor market. Curricula across the world are getting more and more similar and they focus less on preparing people for labor markets. That’s the offspring of the global economic movement.

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“We need a much deeper understanding of the nature of learning”

Interview by Caroline Smrstik Gentner / June 6, 2018
The learning society
Interview by Cornelia Puhze / April 28, 2017
The learning society
by Hanna Dumont / July 21, 2017

But I think there will be a backlash. Differential education is a competitive factor! Recognizing this will be a way to boost innovation, enhance tolerance, and so on.


PS: That’s hard: once you’ve let the genie out of the bottle, it’s hard to get back in.

In the US, for example, the move toward tougher “accountability” in the 1980s is still underpinning education policy. That’s the wrong approach—teachers and schools need more professional .

Public schooling in the US has become only about standards, not about the curriculum. The “Common Core” is only a curriculum framework and not a curriculum. The US has a deep and rich history of education for all as the path to a better life, and this has practically disappeared.

My concern with PISA is that educators start to measure success in education by looking at the test scores. That’s a very dangerous trend. I’m against over-reliance on mechanistic, multiple-choice tests that only measure memory and knowledge reproduction. This is where collective human judgment, or small data, becomes valuable.


PS: We need information that helps us to understand the aspects of teaching and learning that are invisible or not easily measurable: it’s about small clues that can reveal big trends. Standardized tests or opinion surveys may help identify some general trends, but observing human behavior, trying to understand what works best in schools and why can lead to meaningful change. Big data and small data leads to good data. It’s a wise and smart combination. With only one or the other, you don’t get a broad picture.


PS: Experienced teachers, doctors, social workers and psychologists have always been sensitive to these small clues in their work. They should remind big data advocates that small data is a necessary complement to the findings of data teams. However, teacher quality is in many places completely inappropriate for this kind of analysis. And yes, for small data to benefit teachers requires time.


PS: Politicians accuse teachers of not preparing students properly; there’s just too much unfair criticism in many countries. That doesn’t help make the profession attractive. To look at one example, teachers in US public schools are underpaid. I recently spoke to an audience of 200 high school students there and asked how many were thinking about becoming a teacher. Only one hand went up. The career counselors in school steer students away from teaching towards “better” jobs, as they call them.

When I asked why, the answer: it’s not enough to live on. It’s true! Most teachers in US urban areas have a second job to make ends meet.

We need to change the image of what teaching is. Some countries are adding a Master’s degree requirement for teaching, but that’s not helpful if the image of teaching doesn’t change.

Teaching needs to become a profession that is attractive and admired by young people everywhere. Modern teaching is about planning, implementation and evaluation. Suppose we look at the teaching profession like this: you need to be able to look ahead and plan, similar to a medical doctor or an architect.

If you only get a script and some books and a bit of freedom to decide how you want to teach, but can’t judge the outcome – well, that’s a very different profession.


PS: In Finnish schools, the planning is done collectively by the teachers. They have access to decide on the curriculum, decide how to organize the classes and subjects, and which methods to use. And, most importantly, Finnish teachers have the full responsibility AND authority to judge how well kids are learning.

When teaching is standardized, it narrows the creativity. Teachers want to be able to take responsibility. PBL as a policy reform is very complex in practice. It can’t be done with the skills you’ve had from the last 25 years of teaching. It’s quite another thing to have schools full of teachers who can make it work. Most Finnish teachers are not sufficiently prepared pedagogically for this shift.


PS: PBL requires a whole new approach to teaching and an investment in resources. Without this, we’ll be looking at another failed reform.

In the 1970s, “group work” instead of frontal teaching was the new trend, but it was a big failure. Why? No change in teachers’ knowledge or methods. I’m a little bit concerned that this can happen again.

It’s not enough to have a “reform”. We need to change several things simultaneously and it starts with teacher training. Make teaching a real profession practiced by professionals: it’s about trust, teamwork, and leadership. These changes don’t just happen, but need a longer-term plan.

Looking again at the US, there is no social psychology knowledge required for teachers. And it’s also parents who resist reform. With interdisciplinary PBL, they think their kids aren’t learning. They want to see math scores. There’s a lot of pushback when parents can’t understand how their kids are learning. It is a huge advocacy job—for which teachers and administrators just aren’t prepared.

“Curricula across the world are getting more and more similar and they focus less on preparing people for labor markets. That’s the offspring of the global economic movement.”

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Database tables may relate to each other using 1:1, 1:N, or N:M relations. If you are new to database relations, it’s a good idea to catch up before we discus ORM specifics. Here are Fly London Womens YONA737FLY Wedge Sandals Brown Camel 001 vbvaljweNX
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discussing relations in general.

In greenDAO, entities relate using to-one or to-many relations. For example, if you want to model a 1:n relation in greenDAO, you will have a to-one and a to-many relation. However, note that the to-one and a to-many relations are not connected with each other, so you will have to update both.

Modelling To-One Relations

The @ToOne annotation definesa relation to another entity (one entity object). Apply it to the property holding the other entity object.


Internally, greenDAO needs an additional property pointing to the IDof the target entity, which is specified by the joinProperty parameter.If this parameter is absent, then an additional column is automatically created to hold the key.


The getter-methods of to-one relations (in this example getCustomer ( ) ) resolve the target entity lazily on their first call. Subsequent calls will return the previously resolved object immediately.

resolve the target entity lazily

Note that if you change the foreign key property (here customerId ), the next call to the getter ( getCustomer ( ) ) will resolve the entity for the updated ID.

Also, if you set a new entity ( setCustomer ( ) ), the foreign key property ( customerId ) will be updated as well.

Note: To eagerly load to-one relations use loadDeep ( ) and queryDeep ( ) of the entity DAO class. This will resolve an entity with all to-one relations with a single database query. This is great for performance if you always access the related entities.

To eagerly load to-one relations

@ToMany defines a relation to a set of other entities (multiple entity objects). Apply this to the property representing a List of target entities. The referenced entity must have one or more properties pointing to the entity owning the @ToMany.


There are three possibilities to specify the relation mapping, use one of them only:

use one of them
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